Cross-stitch embroidery for beginners step by step from the photo: how to learn and start, video tutorials with training, master class
Many people think that cross-stitch embroidery is a common hobby that does not require special skills. This opinion can be refuted, since embroidery is an art. Like all kinds of arts, it requires diligence, perseverance, concentration. Beginner needlewomen can familiarize themselves with the methods of embroidery on the Internet. Today in the Russian Internet space you can find tips on where to start embroidering, a description of the process of doing the work and its correct ending. Embroidery a cross for beginners step by step will help to ruin all nuances of embroidery.
Embroidering with a cross for beginners: selecting materials
Today, embroiderers begin to offer a variety of sets embroiderers that already contain all the necessary materialsfor needlework. The set includes canvas, embroidery scheme, specially selected threads. This allows you to immediately get down to business and do not waste time on preparatory work.
Often experienced needlewomen select all the materials themselves. To do this, you need to know the information about the types of tissue, threads and needles, and also draw up diagrams correctly.
Different embroideries offer the use of different materials. Essentially, the embroidery kits are the same. At the same time, they include different types of fabrics, yarns and patterns.
Materials for embroidery:
- Embroidery frame;
Additional accessories may be required for embroidery. In specialized stores are sold pens, boards, clips for frames, etc. All these adaptations make it easier for needlewomen to work.
How to learn how to embroider a cross for beginners step by step: preparatory stage
Embroidery project before its implementation requires additional preparation. It is very important to follow all the rules of preparation, as their quality will affect the subsequent workflow. You need to take care of the quality of the fabric and threads, choose the right needle and even scissors.
It should be noted that it is better to wash the fabric for embroidery before starting work, since after washing the substrate can "sit down".
It is also necessary to take into account that the edges of the fabric in the process of work can crumble and become disheveled. They should be pre-treated with threads or glue. It is best to embroider a type of fabric, such as canvas.
How to prepare step by step:
- Preparation of additional materials.
All materials must be of high quality. This will determine the final result. It is best to embroider using the embroidery frame. They will help to qualitatively pull the fabric, which will make it easy and neat to make stitches.
Step-by-step actions: how to embroider a cross for beginners
Beginner needlewomen should take into account that embroidery can be of different types. Sometimes the scheme can be applied directly to the fabric, then you can embroider immediately on the color pattern. More difficult is the process of transferring the figure from the diagram.
If the drawing is plotted on a diagram, you will need to understand its decoding. In them, each color has its own symbol, which allows you to choose the correct color of the thread.
Embroidery is done on canvas, which can be divided into squares. The cross from the circuit is transferred to a square. You need to start embroidery with the same color, sequentially embroidering a cross behind the cross.
- defined with the start of the embroidery.
- Select the appropriate thread color.
- Secure the thread in the needle and the canvas.
- Choose the right thread direction and follow it.
Usually, each set contains instructions for embroidery. In it you can read in detail about where to start, what the sequence of work and its end. Before starting work, you should familiarize yourself with the types of joints.
Types of seams: what you need to know
You can perform cross-stitch embroidery differently. As a result, the work will look similar, only the method of stitching will differ. The instructions will tell you about the order of the threads.
There is a single rule for each of the methods: the top stitches must look in one direction.
When doing stitches it is important to pay attention to the fact that if they are located close to each other, then the thread can not be cut. The thread can be stretched on the wrong side and covered with the following stitches. You should try to make sure that the wrong side consists of strictly horizontal or vertical rows.
Learn to distinguish between the types of stitches:
- Two-way cross;
- One-fourth of the cross;
- One eighth of the cross;
- Three fourths.
Very often beginner needlewomen are nervous when they do not get a stitch or get it wrong. In such cases, do not immediately rip off the thread. Very often there is an error correction possible without removing the superimposed threads.
How to embroider a cross for beginners
Many experienced needlewomen use one method for embroidering, the one that they like. That's why embroiderers often argue about which technology is the best. Beginning needlewomen can be advised to try several techniques at once, in order to understand which is most convenient for them.
Any technique obeys the rule of overlapping stitches: the upper stitches must "look" in one direction.
To better understand the issue, experienced needlewomen are advised to view a series of video lessons. The technique of imposing stitches will vary from the pattern and the way it is embodied. However, each needlewoman must master two basic techniques.
method of applying stitches:
- English. A classic method that involves applying a semi-cross, then applying a second semicircle to the first.
- Danish. Allows you to work with large drawings. It involves the deposition of a number of semi-crosses, then follows the superposition of the upper row, which returns the embroiderer to the beginning of the embroidery.
It's better to master new techniques by drawing small drawings. If the pattern is colored, embroidery is better to begin with darker shades, gradually turning to light ones. Depending on the shape of the figure, different types of stitches are used.
embroidery right crosses for beginners
to work was easy, but it is useful novice needle women are advised to use the canvas with large cell. They will allow you to fill your hand and get practice stitching different types. The main thing is that the stitches are smooth and neat.
In order for the embroidery to turn out to be beautiful, embroidery must be performed consistently. It does not matter what technique of embroidery is used.
For large canvases, two application techniques are very often used: English and Danish. This makes it possible to apply horizontal and vertical rows in different sections. Advice for beginners - the first works should not contain more than 4 colors.
Before starting work, you need to make sure that all the necessary materials and tools are at hand. You can prepare the necessary palette of threads in advance so that you can choose the right color if necessary. After everything is ready, you can start preparing the canvas.
For better tensioning of the canvas, it is best to use the embroidery frame. It is convenient to use the hoop of medium size, working with fragments.
After the web tightly spanned can proceed to determine the pattern center. This will help to correctly determine the proportions and outline the correct diagonals. Many needlewomen are advised to fill the canvas, starting from the center and moving to the edge.
- begin work must always colored area maximum.
- Embroidery is better with dark shades.
- It is better to fill a large embroidery fragmentarily.
- As embroidery is finished, it is necessary to delete the finished areas on the diagram.
- Make sure that the stitches are sewn in the same direction.
Do not get nervous in the process. Even if something does not work out, the main thing to remember is that mastery comes with experience. An incorrectly executed stitch can always be altered. You can use kits for children. For clarity, you can start learning online, watch video lessons, find a master class on how to properly sew and embroider a picture that you liked. It is important to know where to download the scheme, since not all of them are qualitative.
Cross-stitch embroidery for beginners step-by-step: how to start
Different needlewomen start to work differently. Here everything depends on personal preferences and convenience. The most common ways to start are embroidery from the center and from the edge.
It is important to remember the correct threading. Starting embroidering, the thread is not fixed in the knot in any case.
You should also monitor the correct number of threads in the needle. They should always be an even number. To the underside looked neat, the threads are fixed under embroidered crosses.
Tips for starting embroidery:
- Correctly fasten thread.
- Define with the type of stitches.
- Thread the needle thread.
The work will be performed more quickly if the needlewoman will work at once with both hands. The right hand should be on the top, the left hand should be on the bottom. Experienced needlewomen use two-sided needles, which speeds up the work process.
Cross-stitch kits and beginner's lessons
Today, many women return to such hobbies as embroidery. It allows not only to relax, rest, regain harmony, but also to create real masterpieces. Modern manufacturers offer to the attention of the handicraftsmen a wide variety of sets that will help ease the work.
For beginners it is better to start with small schemes for embroidery. This will allow you to fill your hand and get used to doing stitches.
Embroidery kits are divided into types. Each of them is designed taking into account the skill of the embroiderer and its capabilities. The sets are very convenient because they already contain all the necessary materials for work.
- Still lifes;
- Subject pictures.
Ready-made sets for beginners can be bought in specialized stores or online. Sets for novice craftsmen contain a diagram with simple plots. The size of such paintings is small, which allows you to perform embroidery easily and quickly.
The basics of embroidery are simple, the main thing - patience and inspiration. The period of training is very important. A good gift for beginners will be a beautiful children's book containing tips and secrets of beautiful embroidery.
Lessons of cross-stitch embroidery for beginners step-by-step( video)
Embroidering with a cross can be called art. This is a painstaking and zealous work, the end result of which is a real work of art. But in order to perform a truly beautiful work, you need to learn the techniques of embroidery. This will take time and perseverance. Beginners need to start with embroidery kits, which already contain all the necessary materials, as well as instructions. Embroidery is not slave labor, it is pleasure if you act with a pure heart and with inspiration. Examples