Porcelain tiles for the floor: types and choice, class of durability, how to make and what to choose the kitchen is better
Porcelain tile flooring is considered one of the most popular finishing materials. The particularity of the webs is in excellent performance and excellent aesthetic appearance. To get acquainted with the basic properties and with the scope, it is worth paying attention to the data presented below.
- Choice granite
- Abrasion class porcelain
- Types granite floor
- What makes granite
- Choice stoneware floor tiles( video)
CanDo you distinguish ceramic granite and ceramic tiles? In fact, it can only be done by a professional with extensive experience in construction and finishing materials.
Cloth of porcelain tiles and ceramics differs by :
- Wear resistance;
- Features to withstand sudden temperature changes;
Basically, the choice between this and that material rises at a time when it is required to hold the finish of a particular coverage indoors. For example, for soft and gentle conditions inside the building is perfect for ceramic tile, but for public spaces or outdoor applications, including for building facade cladding, require purchase of stoneware tiles. Also, it can perfectly approach for finishing industrial facilities, where severe operating conditions.
What advantages does the porcelain tile have:
- Wear resistance;
- Frost resistance;
- Resistance to abrasion;
- The material is antistatic.
Unlike ceramic tiles in stoneware better performance, but in many studies it was found that high-quality matte granite scratch can only be used if the diamond discs or corundum. No less important characteristic of this material is its mechanical strength, due to which it can be laid in rooms with complex conditions, for example, where the shock or wind load, as well as the temperature constantly changes. Due to its special composition, porcelain stoneware is the most resistant to acids and alkalis among many materials. The canvas has an unrealistically low water absorption, due to which the frost resistance and resistance to substances capable of ingesting into the interior of the material is ensured.
Class of wear resistance of porcelain tiles
The number of tiles that will last, and also how strong it determines the class of wear resistance. According to GOST for ceramic granite tiles for floors and according to the European standard EN 154, all these products must be tested for durability before selling. It is due to this testing that materials are received for sale, which buyers choose for finishing the flooring. Tests are carried out by means of a special roller machine, and if the tile can withstand more than 12,000 rotations, then it gets the highest class of PEI V. Ceramic granite has 5 basic classes of wear resistance.
PEI I. This coating is best suited for places where little permeability. The floor from this cloth in shopping centers or in demand commercial enterprises do not. PEI II practically does not differ from the previous materials, however, the canvases of this category are more durable.
slabs of granite class PEI III can withstand moderate mechanical stress and therefore it can be used not only in the room apartments, but also in the office.
The PEI IV class will define slabs of porcelain stoneware, which is suitable for rooms in which intense visitor flows. For example, for finishing surfaces of walls, halls, vestibules and the like. The most wear-resistant ceramic granite tile is the one with the PEI V category of wear resistance. It can be safely used for places with increased cross-country ability.
Types of porcelain tiles for the floor
What kind of porcelain tiles to choose in the kitchen? Which fabric manufacturer is suitable for finishing the floor of the company? What is the quality of the coating measured, and what materials are the best, considering the rating of the flooring cloths? To find answers to all these questions, it is worth paying attention to what kinds of ceramic granite plates exist.
Initially, the material is divided into categories by parameters. Basically, in the finishing works, a project is first created, which is used to install the coating. The smallest canvases are 50 * 50 mm in size, and the large ones have a size of 1200 * 1800 mm.
However, for finishing use an intermediate square version of the canvas, in which the sides can be :
- 200 mm;
- 300 mm;
- 400 mm;
- 500 mm.
The type of tile chosen will depend on the design decision chosen for the room. Differences can be in texture and texture. A matt canvas is a tile that does not undergo additional processing. It has the highest performance characteristics relative to other ceramic granite coatings. Polished tiles are grinded using a special abrasive. It refers to a smaller class of wear resistance in contrast to matte.
Semi-polished tiles can have a non-uniform texture, in which polished areas with rough edges alternate.
There are tiles in satin finish. Its surface is covered with a mineral coating before the firing procedure, due to which it becomes artificially aged. She has excellent resistance to contamination. Structured coatings are slabs that have a relief surface that can imitate the texture for wood, stone, leather, fabric, concrete and brickwork. It is possible to choose a structured tile with a pattern, as well as patterns, ornaments and other decoration methods.
Due to the fact that the technology is constantly being improved, it is possible to purchase a floor covering that can last a long time without losing its proper appearance. It is especially important that you can buy ordinary linen from porcelain stoneware, which in appearance will resemble concrete, metal or even fabric cover. In such a creative way, you can finish the floor not only in the apartment, but also in other rooms.
How to make porcelain stoneware
Due to the way of making a ceramic granite slab and its excellent properties, it is more considered as granite than as a simple ceramic. If expressed more accurately and with the language of experts, it is a synthetic stone.
In its manufacture, white high-quality kaolin clay is used, and also is included:
- The purest quartz sand;
- Natural pigment, for example, metal oxide, more often rare earth.
After preparation, the green mass undergoes a pressing procedure in specially prepared forms, and the pressure is used at 400-500 kg / cm. Further, it is necessary to conduct firing under the influence of temperature 1200-1300 оС.This temperature is sufficient for restructuring of substances to take place, and a vitrified monolithic product is formed. This canvas can by many characteristics surpass the natural counterpart.
The plates are then calibrated, or in other words, the rectification. It is needed to cut the edge of the material and use special diamond circles.
Choice of ceramic tiles for floors( video)
To buy a tile you need to choose it according to the criteria presented above and be sure to have a technical passport so that you can visually familiarize yourself with all the characteristics and features of the product.