Forms for paving slabs have become increasingly popular in recent years. There is an explanation for this. Almost every person, coming to the building materials store, faced with the fact that the choice in the pavement tile shop is great. But at the same time, you do not find what you need. That color does not fit, then the shape or just the price is painfully high. Recently, there was an alternative - just buy the necessary form and produce a paving slab with your own hand.
- materials molds for tiles
- production with his hands molds for paving slabs
- What make silicone molds for tiles
- necessary to know how to do for paving slabs form
- quality polyurethane molds for paving slabs
- Creative paving slabs of plastic bottles
- forms for paving slabs with their hands( video)
materials molds for tiles
TechnolenIa manufacture of molds for paving slabs - this is the most costly item of expenditure. If you plan to pave a smal
But, if it is necessary to produce more work - then homemade forms for the production of tiles will be a rational solution.
Recently, various types of molds for the tiles may be bought in specialized DIY stores or directly refer to private manufacturing companies. If you need a more original form, you can turn to make yourself.
materials for the production of forms are different:
- of rubber;
- Of polymers;
- Made of polyurethane;
- Made of silicone;
- Made of wood.
Silicone variations of steel these days are very popular. The reason is that they are very convenient, simple and practically do not fail with prolonged use. But the main thing is that silicone molds for tiles can be produced by hand.
production with his hands molds for paving slabs
First we need to make a template and stencil molds. It is also necessary to observe very precisely all the overall dimensions - length, height, width. After drawing a drawing on a sheet of paper, it is better on a sheet of cardboard and cut out according to the template. Ideally, of course, the template for the shape of the tile is molded from plaster or plasticine. The pattern of the tile must be cut out of wood, and exactly repeating the shape of the conceived pavers. And especially, you need to carefully cut out the shape, if the tile will have a complex shape.
What are forms from paving slabs:
- rectangular or square;
- Cobbles of various shapes.
A tile prototype is cut with a jigsaw or a hacksaw. After carefully polished, so that there are no chips and burrs. The surface of the mold should be perfectly smooth, otherwise the slightest form flaws will be perfectly visible on the finished tile.
You can also cut the workpiece out of wood, turning it into a mold later.
Wood is the cheapest way of making a mold. To start, you need to prepare a few blocks of wood. They should be dry, and the surface should be smooth, since all the roughness will be very clearly visible on the finished tile. Then, collect the bars, like formwork, by attaching them to metal corners, taking into account the template. It must be taken into account that the height of the mold should be at least 3 cm higher than the thickness of the intended tile.
Ready formwork is placed on a table or on a smooth surface, previously covered with a metal sheet or film( better than metal, since it is easier then to remove after removing the shape from the finished tiles).If the surface of the finished tile is supposed to be decorated with a pattern, it is necessary in this case, to lay a sheet of plastic, with the supposed pattern put on it. When the mold is ready, it is necessary to pour in the ready-mixed concrete, but only up to half. After, it is necessary to drown the metal lattice in the solution and knock on all sides of the mold with a rubber mallet to let the air out of the solution and compact the solution. Next, you need to add the remaining solution to the mold, and leave for 2 days, to set the strength. After you can remove the metal corners, dismantling the shape, releasing the tile.
How to make silicone molds for tiles
All components can be bought in specialized stores of building materials. In fact, you can use any capacity to make a silicone mold. The most important thing is that it is rigid, held in shape and has a volume slightly larger than the intended shape for the tile. If there is not one, it is possible to use wooden blocks, having fastened them together with metal staples, having smeared the corners with the help of a sealant.
What are the components of the silicone:
- Catalytic converter;
The prototype of the future tile must be oiled with any oil so that the silicone does not stick to the tile itself or the prototype and it can be easily removed from the silicone when it solidifies. On a table or other flat surface, it is necessary to lay a sheet of iron, also lubricating with oil.
But it's easier to find a container slightly larger than the prototype tile.
So, according to the instructions, mix the silicone components, and a thin stream pour it into the prepared container. It is necessary to know that the container must be clean, dry and free of debris and sand, since we will simply spoil the expensive silicone, and the shape will not be clear.
Fill up to about half the estimated thickness of the tile, and from above, gently and uniformly press the prototype of the paving slab into the silicone, but not to the end. So leave about 3-6 hours( all depending on the instructions for manufacturing silicone).Prototype of the tile is pulled out, and we get the shape of the future paving slab. If the matrix was made of wooden blocks, then remove them by removing the metal braces.
It is necessary to know how to make the form
for paving slabs. The manufacture of paving slabs alone is, of course, a costly and long process. But at the same time, it will be more economical, and you will be able to control the quality yourself, as many tile producers, especially small ones, are not particularly concerned with improving the quality of their products, often failing to produce tile technology.
Materials for pavement tiles:
- Hammer( including rubber);
- Construction level;
- Wooden bars or lumber;
- Silicone or plastic.
to manufacture paving tiles order to improve the performance for manufacturing paving slabs, it is necessary to have several molds for the tiles, so the work is more efficient. It is necessary, of course, provide that to create a beautiful track or path, you must not only have smooth tiles, but also the angular for the device of a beautiful turn of the track. And also, it is necessary to provide that steps, borders, outflows, gutters will be in demand.
It is worthwhile preparing molds for additional but much needed concrete products.
In the manufacture of paving slabs, it is necessary to know what thickness they should have. This is very important, especially if it is assumed that the tiles will not only walk, but there is a need for a parking zone for the car. For the parking zone, the thickness of the tiles should be from 4.5 cm or more, for the pedestrian zone - slightly less, from 3 cm( can withstand the load to 400 kg).
Quality polyurethane molds for sidewalk tiles
Some craftsmen for mold use ordinary plastic storage containers or containers in which they sell some food. They are beautiful, withstand several cycles of production of paving slabs and have an original shape and pattern.
Polyurethane molds are manufactured using the same technology as silicone tiles.
For the original drawing, you can use not only factory stencils, but also use natural materials - plant leaves, pebbles or unusual type of stones. All this will give originality to the tile and some exclusivity. Many people, starting the manufacture of paving slabs for their home or dacha, began their own business, which eventually turned into a successful enterprise.
Which concrete products can be manufactured using self-made polyurethane molds:
- Vases for garden;
- Small architectural forms.
But it should be noted that polyurethane is a rather expensive material for casting molds. It is necessary to calculate whether it is worth making a mold of this material.
Creative paving slab of plastic bottles
A plastic bottle is the cheapest material and the way of making a mold for tiles. Just take the used plastic bottles from the water from 2 liters and more, and cut the bottom to the required height. And the shape for the tiles is ready.
However, bottles with a volume of about 5 liters are most often used for this purpose. To make a mold from plastic bottles, you need 2-5 l bottles, scissors, a sharp knife, polyurethane or silicone.
Forms for paving tiles with your own hands( video)
Given that paving slabs are often used, as in the construction of country houses, cottages or for paving sidewalks in cities and villages, so most of all prized originality and unusual. This can be achieved independently, simply by making a mold independently.