The technology of laying paving slabs on the sand: with your hands how to lay, video and how to put it correctly
The peculiarity of finishing the tracks with such material as paving tiles is that they look much more aesthetic, attractive and allow to keep the evenness of the paths for a long time. Especially strong tracks of paving slabs are those that are laid on the sand.
- Laying of paving slabs with their hands
- technology paving laying
- How to lay paving slabs: installation
- Laying of paving slabs on the sand with a crate of pavers
- Recommendations: how to choose the paving tiles
- How to lay the paving slab( video)
Paving of the paving slab with your own hands
Specialists believe that it is quite possible to avoid the creation of a concrete baseUnder the sidewalk tile, if you previously correctly put the mixture of sand. Thus, you can save a lot of effort, money and time to install.
All the installation is divided into a number of stages :
- Track and pad layout;
- Removal of the upper part of theground;
- Warming of the earth's surface, using geotextiles;
- Cushion laying from crushed stone;
- Editing curbs;
- Laying the second layer of geotextile;
- Stacking of cement and sand composition;
- Installation of pavers;
- Filling joints.
Following such a number of traditional works, you can correctly lay the paving slab and not worry that soon the track will lose its proper appearance. The technique of marking up the territory requires not only measuring the distance, but also paying attention to certain factors: where the track will be located, whether there is a bias toward buildings and structures, what will be the load on materials, that is, only pedestrian or road transport and what is the configuration.
It is best to use the simplest methods of calculating the area for laying tiles and this is a tape measure and wooden pegs.
The variant is budgetary and most convenient, besides, special equipment is not required. With regard to bias, the paving should be carried out at 3% to the side, which is opposite to the building and other structures.
Technology of laying paving slab
Carrying out the arrangement of the countryside with your own hands, you need: carefully follow the instructions, observe the technology, be as accurate as possible. It would seem that if you need to lay the tile on the sand, why is it necessary to remove the top of the soil? In fact, when working, it is necessary to remove up to 40 cm of soil by means of a shovel or bulldozer, which will subsequently avoid the floating effect of the sidewalk. Once the layer is removed, the process of leveling the ground surface is needed.
If the base is sandy or sandy loam, then an additional seal is required, for which it is necessary to rammer using the most common log, the length of which can be 1 meter, and the handle has to be nailed to the end.
For better compaction, use plate compactors on the electric drive, which will save considerable time and effort. After the compaction is completed, geotextile laying is necessary, with overlapping to the curbs, which will prevent the shrinkage of the finished finishing material of the track. As for what lay out geotextiles, there are no special restrictions.
technology. Why do you need a cushion of rubble? Lay it after the first layer of geotextiles and it must also be compacted, which makes the base stronger and more stable. Crushed stone is selected with a fraction of 20-40 mm. The laying layer is 12-15 cm. Along the perimeter of the cut out section of the earth by a string stretched in advance, it is necessary to make grooves and install special road stones, the gap between which should be 5-10 mm.
To form oval tracks, you need to cut the curbs with small pieces of the Bulgarian and gradually implement the laying out of the edging of the future sidewalk. The upper part of the curb should not exceed the edge of the curb by more than 5 cm. After the curb is made, the gaps between its elements need to be filled with mortar, for which a sand-cement screed is used.
After 24 hours, once the composition has dried, you need to make a thorough lay-out of the cushion from the rubble and make a slope in a certain direction. Further, it is required to re-apply the plate to compact the substrate. As soon as the work is done, the sand cushion is poured and again everything is compacted by means of a vibratory plate, which allows to fill the space between the gravel with sand, increasing the strength.
How to lay paving tiles: installation
Careful compliance with the instructions allows you to make a path: durable, strong, wear-resistant. In technology, special attention should be paid to how to lay out the second layer of geotextiles, when installing it, there should also be an admission to curb stones. By means of such technology, it is possible to isolate a dry cushion of rubble from the fact that a sand mixture will be laid on top.
Immediately after the geotextile, it is necessary to lay sand with a layer of 5 cm minimum, which is leveled so that the slope is observed, and also compacted.
Due to geotextile, the top layer of sand does not wake up, which makes the base dense and not loose. It is this moment that makes the layer of pavers smooth and without such a problem as shrinkage and breakout during the operation of the track in the future. Some add cement to the sand, which strengthens the layer and significantly increases the performance of the pavement.
Cement has the ability to absorb moisture, which makes it harder with every impact. Make such a composition of sand and cement without adding water is not difficult and does not require too much effort and time for installation.
Laying of paving slabs on sand with crates from pavers
After laying a pillow of sand or a mixture of sand and cement, we put paving stones or in other words paving slabs. In order to lay the material and adjust it directly in place, you need to use a trowel or a rubber mallet.
For cutting tiles, you can use :
- Tile cutter;
- Old grandfather's methods of breaking the contour.
The best option is to choose a Bulgarian with a dry-cutter disk, which is easy to work with and does not require professional training. When laying the tile, it is necessary to check through every meter of the line to see if the slope is pre-selected. In order to maximally correctly form the convexities on the profile of the track, it is enough to periodically apply a plywood template to the surface of the coating, which you can do with your own hands in just a few minutes.
Stackers are striving not only to correctly observe the order of work, but also pay attention to such a process as sealing gaps in the form of seams.
Namely, after the tiles have been laid, they begin processing joints. To do this, use a mixture of sifted sand and cement, mixed in equal proportions. You need to pour out 1 bucket, on the laid fabric and then sweep the broom with a stiff bristle under the slope. Thus, the seams will be filled.
Once the entire surface has been treated, pour a little water onto the paving stones. To do this, it is best to use a watering can to not overdo it. It is necessary to wait 24 hours, after which the procedure is repeated from the moment of falling asleep of the dry mixture into the seams.
Each joint must be compared to the surface of the tiles. Further it is required to wait for about 5-7 days, after which the pavement is washed with water from the hose, since there is a lot of pressure, and it allows to carry out a global cleaning of the cloth from unnecessary parts of construction materials.
Recommendations: how to choose the right paving slab
Is there a desire to carry out the installation of a beautiful path on your country plot? It is required to choose the right material, as the quality of the canvas directly determines how long it will last, how it will look and whether it can fully meet expectations. When buying a tile, you should always pay attention to whether it has a uniform color and to specify in what way it is made. With regard to quality, it is determined by the availability of a certificate for compliance with GOST.
There are several signs by which you can distinguish a quality sheet for the finish of the sidewalk from forgery :
- The material should ring at impact, which indicates the complete dryness of the product.
- The tiles should not be too bright colors, as it will lose it at the first atmospheric precipitations.
- The entire batch of a particular tile must be uniform and uniform in color.
- On the material there should be no scabs, notches, bubbles and other defects.
- There must be a certificate of quality.
How to lay paving slabs( video)
Application of the above technology allows you to make a solid foundation of paving slabs that can last a long time and not deteriorate even after many impacts of precipitation. The most important thing is to observe the installation instructions, as well as the choice of quality materials, as in combination all this will achieve a positive effect in the form of an excellent and aesthetic kind of tracks.